Discurso - Dra. Condoleezza Rice
59ª Asamblea General
Transcript of remarks by United States National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice in a video conference call to the IAPA 59th General Assembly Chicago, Illinois, October 13, 2003 (Introduced by Sr. Alejandro Miró Quesada Cisneros, El Comercio, Lima, Peru) (Applause.) Dr. Condoleezza Rice: Thank you very much. Its a great pleasure to be here by the wonders of technology in Washington, D.C., and to be able to speak to you in Chicago. I want to thank very much Alejandro Miró Quesada and Andrés García and the delegates for giving me this opportunity to be with you. Ill speak briefly and then I will be happy to entertain your questions. The administration of President George W. Bush has not only a strong record in the Western Hemisphere but a deep and abiding interest in the region. President Bush from the time that he ran for office as president of the United States made clear that he believes that sound American foreign policy starts in our own neighborhood. The president has met with nearly all of the hemispheres heads of state, including a ministerial-level summit with Brazilian President Lula. He has traveled to Mexico, Canada, Peru and El Salvador. And he looks forward to returning to Mexico in January for a special Summit of the Americas. This presidents vision for the Americas is a fully democratic hemisphere working together to achieve market-based development, representative democracy and security that improves the lives of its citizens. The president is committed to advancing trade liberalization globally, regionally and with individual nations in order to promote economic development and democratic governance among our trading partners. The president said it this way on September 3 during the signing ceremony for the U.S.-Chile free trade agreement: he said, For developing nations free trade tied to economic reform has helped to lift hundreds of millions of people out of poverty. As such we are working to complete by the end of this year a free trade agreement with five Central American countries Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua and we have notified the Congress of our intention to negotiate a free trade agreement with the Dominican Republic. These initiatives complement the United States goal of achieving a genuine, comprehensive free trade area in the hemisphere and we believe that the Free Trade Area of the Americas, the FTAA, is the best route to achieving that goal. The president is committed to strengthening the regions democratic institutions by promoting good governance and combating corruption. The Inter-American Democratic Charter, adopted on September 11, 2001 ironically for the United States a day that will always stay seared in our memory, but that Democratic Charter was adopted, reaffirming the regions commitment to freedom and to democracy. I just want to note that as we speak right now the Bolivian government, Bolivia, is facing a great challenge. There have already been lives lost. We, the Organization of American States and the international community must fully support the democratic, constitutional government of Bolivia and our thoughts and hopes for a peaceful resolution are with the Bolivian people. The administration is firmly dedicated, too, to a proactive Cuba policy that will assist the Cuban people in their struggle for freedom. As the president emphasized just last week, we remain committed to the goal of achieving a rapid, peaceful transition to democracy in Cuba, using the dissuasive tools of economic embargo and travel restriction. But the president also announced the establishment of a commission for assistance to a free Cuba. And this commission, co-chaired by Secretaries Colin Powell and Mel Martinez, will prepare the U.S. government to assist the Cuban people with an orderly and peaceful transition from tyranny to democracy. The administration supports a peaceful, democratic and constitutional and electoral solution to Venezuelas ongoing political crisis, consistent with the OAS Permanent Council Resolution 833. We consider this an issue for the region and we are fully supportive of the efforts of the OAS in this regard. The United States is committed to providing strong economic and security assistance in support of the Colombian people. We are working closely with President Uribe in the fight against narcoterrorists, in the eradication of coca and poppy, and in the interdiction of illicit drugs and the extradition of criminals. Since September 11, 2001, we have been pleased to have the excellent cooperation of our hemispheric partners to combat terror. And we have specially enhanced border security with Mexico and Canada while ensuring the intense pace of legal movement of people and goods along our land borders is maintained. Looking ahead to the special Summit of the Americas to be hosted in Mexico in January, we will emphasize the positive message that democratic governance, sound pro-growth economic policy and investment in health and education create opportunity for all citizens. This agenda will help build on and advance the commitments agreed to in April of 2001 at the Summit of the Americas in Quebec City. We are working toward the establishment of the Millennium Challenge Account, the presidents groundbreaking initiative that links a 50% increase in development assistance to just government, investments in people and economic freedom, because the United States wants to join with developing countries in our hemisphere and beyond to demonstrate that performance by governments in these critical areas can build a development partnership focused on growth and embodying the new development paradigm agreed to at Monterrey. I want to close by simply saying that this president is committed to a hemisphere that is free, democratic, governed wisely, governed without corruption, that trades in freedom, and where growth and prosperity spread. He looks forward to working with the many leaders in the hemisphere who he knows, to working with the regional organizations of the hemisphere, and to looking for a brighter and greater future for the peoples of our own neighborhood, the Western Hemisphere. Thank you very much for your attention and Im happy to take your questions. (Applause.) Sr. Miró Quesada: Thank you very much, Dr. Rice. We have some questions here. We have Enrique, then Mata, then Herrero and Héctor Dávalos. Como dijo el presidente, les pedimos a las personas que qujieren hacer pregunatas que lo hqacen desde acá, de manera que la doctora Rice pueda verlos mientras las hacen. Sr. Enrique Santos Calderón (El Tiempo, Bogotá, Colombia): As you well mentioned, there is a strong cooperation between the Colombian government and President Bush President Uiribe is one of the U.S.s strongest allies at this moment, not only in the war against terrorism, also because Uribe was one of the few Latin American presidents to support the Iraqi operation. Nevertheless, a recent law that the Uribe government wants to pass for the demobilization of the illegal armed groups has met with strong criticism in Colombia public opinion, because its considered too lenient for the paramilitary groups. I understand that the U.S. government also has objections to this law. I would like, Ms. Rice, if you could clarify what these objections are, please. Dr. Rice: In fact, the president recently met with President Uribe and President Uribe was also in discussions with several leaders on Capitol Hill. We fully support that the president is employing in Colombia to try and deal finally with the narcoterrorism and the terrible terrorism that has befallen the Colombia people. We are in fact in discussions with the Uribe government about the law concerning what might happen to the paramilitaries and it is very clear from the administration that we are concerned about some aspects, but we believe that it will be very possible to work with the Colombian government. And after all, it will finally be a decision for the Colombian government and for the Colombian people as to how they deal with issues of reconciliation as they try to move to a better day for Colombia. Sr. Santos Calderón: Thank you. Sr. Andrés Mata (El Universal, Caracas, Venezuela): Good afternoon, Dr. Rice. The Venezuelan government, at least to the best information in our newsroom,. Has limited and curtailed U.S. drug interdiction flights in a country whose Constitution does not allow extradition to the U.S. Venezuela has failed to follow the San José accords to supply oil to the Dominican Republic, thats complicating the triangulation with Mexico. The Chávez administration we know supplies daily some $50 million of oil to Cuba and has gone on record as supporting Evo Morales in Bolivia. Briefly put, Maam, to what extent does Venezuelas internal polarization and the problems that we are undergoing on our way to fulfilling the mandate of OAS 833 towards a democratic, constitutional and electoral solution to the problem pose in your mind the status that Venezuela may be putting at significant risk both as to the security and the stability of the entire Andean and Caribbean region if that electoral solution is not reached soon. Thank you. Dr. Rice: Thank you very much. Let me start by saying that we are very supportive of the efforts of the Organization of American States in trying to oversee a process that will get Venezuela to a constitutional and electoral process that will resolve these issues. We do not consider this to be a bilateral issue with Venezuela but rather a regional issue, and it should be treated as such. As to certain responsibilities that Venezuela ought to be exercising in the hemisphere, I think it is no secret and it would certainly be no secret to you that we have had our concerns about some of the activities of the Venezuelan government and we make those known to Venezuela on a regular basis. Venezuela does have responsibilities in the hemisphere to fight terrorism, to fight narcotrafficking, to make certain that it is responsible in its economic activities in the region. As to Cuba, Cuba remains the one government that cannot even be seated at the Organization of American States, because the governments that are seated at the Organization of American States are committed to democracy. So we have had our differences with the Venezuelan government, we continue to, we believe that Venezuela ought to fully live up to the responsibilities that it has to this hemisphere for security and economic prosperity in this hemisphere, and we are very focused on trying to get to a peaceful referendum so that these issues can be resolved. Thank you very much. Sr. Mata: Thank you, Maam. Sr. Saturnino Herrero Mitjans (Clarín, Buenos Aires, Argentina): Señora Rice, en sus palabras usted expresó la vinculación y el involucriamiento del gobierno americano en la política internacional y a su vez en la parte final usted expresó sus deseos y su preocupación acerca del futuro. Respecto a este futuro, la Sociedad Interamericana de Prensa está muy preocupada acerca de la amenazas que se ciernen a la libertad de prensa en el contexto de la próxima Conferencia Cumbre sobre la Sociedad de la Información auspiciada por las Naciones Unidas con la participación directa de la Unión Internacional de Telecomunicaciones y la UNESCO, que se va celebrar en diciembre próximo en Ginebra. Se está intentando que la Cumbre apruebe un Plan de Acción y una Declaración que impone restricciones a los medios libres de prensa, radio y televisión, intentándose imponer restricciones a la libertad de estos medios. En los 80 los Estados Unidos de Norteamérica mantuvieron una firme posición en torno a la defensa de la prensa libre, que llevó a su alejamiento de la propia UNESCO. Hoy que el gobierno norteamericano ha resuelto reingresar a la UNESCO nos importa mucho acá en la SIP contar con que este mismo gobierno tome una posición firme y activa en cuanto a que la delegación en la Cumbre de Ginebra nos acompañe en la posición de defender la prensa libre. Entonces nos interesaría mucho conocer sus comentarios acerca de esto de acabo de mencionar. Gracias. Dr. Rice: Thank you. The United States has indeed rejoined UNESCO and the forum about which you are talking my understanding is that this is a dialogue on global communication in a new era. It is important that there be such a dialogue about the importance of global communication, it is important that we talk about how to make certain that that communication can take place by all means in all countries, for instance the use of the Internet, and how it has changed global communication. I think this is simply to be an opening dialogue on this very important subject. Of course, the United States is founded, one of our first freedoms is freedom of the press, and the United States has been a strong voice for and proponent for a free press. Sr. Herrero: Muchas gracias. Sr. Héctor Dávalos (Novedades de Acapulco, Acapulco, México): Buenas tardes, doctora Rice, es un placer platicar con usted. Escuchamos con mucha atención que ustedes reforzaron sus medidas de seguridad en las fronteras de México y de Canadá. Personalmente me parece que tienen toda la razón del mundo en hacerlo. Sin embargo, me gustaría saber si han ponderado ustedes los daños que nos están causando y los daños que se están causando también ustedes por cuanto muchos más mexicanos que de costumbre pasan como indocumentados incontrolados, y también si pudiera adelantarnos ¿cuándo levantarían o cambiarían ustedes esta medida? Gracias. Dr. Rice: After September 11 we did have to work with our partners in Mexico and in Canada to try and improve border security. Weve learned that we did have a number of problems in border security. My colleague Tom Ridge, the Secretary for Homeland Security, has been working with his counterparts, I think very effectively. They have instituted a program called Smart Borders, which is an effort to use technology and to use cooperation to improve border security, so that people do not cross the border who should not cross the border but to allow the free movement of goods and of services and of people legally across the border. These are very important elements. We would be the first to say that it will require more work, it will require continued experience in how to make our borders more secure without cutting off commerce, which is what we do not want to do the commerce that has been brought to us by NAFTA is so important to all of our economies that of course we want the free flow of goods and services. But I do believe that weve made a lot of progress since September 11. Tom Ridge meets frequently with his counterparts and I believe that we will continue to make progress on this very important issue. Sr. Dávalos: Muchas gracias. Sr. Miró Quesada: We have one last question. Sr. Horacio Aguirre (Diario Las Américas, Miami, Florida): Muchas gracias, señora, por su magnifica intervención esta tarde. La pregunta que le formulo es ¿cuál será la decisión definitiva del presidente de los Estados Unidos con respecto a los viajes a Cuba que producen tanto dinero a la tiranía totalitaria de Fidel Castro? Eso es todo. ¿Cuál es la decisión del presidente, va a ser efectiva o quedará para largo tiempo? Dr. Rice: Thank you very much. The president just last week directed the Homeland Security Department to significantly tighten the travel restrictions that have been on the books there is supposed to be allowed travel for, say, humanitarian purposes to Cuba. But we know that there a lot of people who are using the travel opportunities to go to Cuba in ways that end up enriching the Cuban government, because the Cubans are able to take the money in hard currency to then pay the workers in fairly worthless pesos and to pocket the difference between that hard currency and the pesos that they pay. This is simply unacceptable. The president has directed Homeland Security to put together a real enforcement program and to really begin to enforce these travel restrictions. I cannot tell you that it will happen tomorrow, because these things take time. But I can tell you that there is a firm commitment to begin immediately enforcing these travel restrictions as quickly and as fully as possible, and this president could not be more committed, because we do not want to enrich the tyrannical government of Fidel Castro. We do not want to allow him to use these monies to fund his tyranny, his crackdown on dissidents which has been really awful this year. If I could just make one final point about Cuba: Last year the president in a new Cuba initiative made an offer to the Cuban government, he said that he was prepared to think about changing some of our relations with Cuba, easing some of our restrictions, if Fidel Castro would just permit free elections for his people and begin to undo some of his tyrannical ways. And what was the answer to that? The answer was the crackdown on dissidents that has earned Castro the tremendous criticism of countries around the world. This needs to be an international effort. It is unacceptable that Cuba remains in the state that it does in this hemisphere in a time when democracy and freedom and prosperity are within the grasp of people in the hemisphere. It should not be that the Cuban people are forgotten. Thank you very much. Sr. Aguirre: Muchas gracias, señora. (Applause.) Sr. Miró Quesada: En nombre de la Sociedad Interamericana de Prensa deseo agradecerle su participación hoy día. Muchísimas gracias. Dr. Rice: Thank you.